ICCWS Mini Tracks

The Mini Tracks for ICCWS

  • Interdisciplinary Research
  • AI Influenced Cyber: A friend or a Foe? Both?
  • Cybercrime, Cyber Criminology, & Criminal Investigations
  • Future of Cyber Warfare
  • Cyber Warfare Strategies
  • Analytic and Behavioural Approaches for Cybersecurity Decisions
  • The double-edged sword of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Warfare

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Interdisciplinary Research

Mini Track Chair: Dr. Char Sample, ICF Inc. Adelphi, MD, USA

  ICCWS21-MT-Interdisciplinary-Research-Sample.pdf (41 downloads)

Cybersecurity touches many different disciplines. This can lead to unanticipated problems that may require merging models and solutions from more than one discipline. Areas such as embedded devices, wetware, fake news, artificial intelligence, and decision science are examples where disciplines merge and new areas of research are examined.

Suggested examples of interdisciplinary research include cyber-physical systems, threat intelligence, smart cities and applications of artificial intelligence in cybersecurity.

Other suggested areas include:

  • The influence of cultural values on cyber events
  • Mathematical models or statistical patterns that can explain or predict findings including explainable AI.
  • Quantitative cyber metrics
  • Applicability of economic models to explain cyber behaviors
  • Psychology studies on cyber actors
  • Artificial intelligence in cybersecurity

AI Influenced Cyber: A friend or a Foe? Both?

Mini Track Chairs: Dr. Akond Rahman & Dr. Maanak Gupta, Department of Computer Science, Tennessee Tech University  

ICCWS21-MT-AI-Influenced-Cyber-Rahman-Gupta.pdf (39 downloads)  

This track is aimed to foster research at the intersection of AI and Cybersecurity. AI techniques are expected to enhance cybersecurity by assisting human system managers with automated monitoring, analysis, and responses to adversarial attacks. At the same time, it is essential to safeguard AI technologies from unintended uses and hostile exploitation by leveraging cybersecurity practices. This mini track aims to bring together the experts from the domains of AI and cybersecurity to develop synergy and exchange ideas for the benefits and limitations of the cross-disciplinary approach. We envision that such collaborative efforts could also foster a robust workforce with integrated AI and cybersecurity competencies, and develop an informed public that understands the privacy, confidentiality, ethics, safety, and security implications of AI.

  • Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:
    • Adversarial Machine Learning
    • AI and Cybersecurity in Cyber-Physical Systems
    • Application of AI in Cyberwarfare
    • Human Perspectives in AI and Cybersecurity
    • Traditional Machine Learning and Deep Learning Techniques for Cybersecurity

Cybercrime, Cyber Criminology, & Criminal Investigations

Mini Track Chair: Dr. Gregory Laidlaw, CISSP, C|EH, University of Detroit Mercy, USA

ICCWS21-MT-Cybercrime-Laidlaw.pdf (39 downloads)

  • The Internet is one of the fastest growing security threats in the world. Historically, criminologist have focused on traditional forms of crime however, with the Internet there are new types of deviancy and crimes that have global impacts. The need for innovative approaches to address the significant cyber threats facing the global community must go beyond traditional thinking of crime and pursue a deeper understanding of how our adversaries engage in crime to better defend our resources against attacks. This mini track will focus on cybersecurity practices that involve cybercrime, cyber criminology, and cyber investigations with the intent of identifying suspects as well as their methods and motivations.

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

    • Cyber crime
    • Threat analysis
    • Cyber-kill chain
    • Digital forensic criminal investigations
    • Network hardening
    • Criminology

Future of Cyber Warfare

Mini Track Chair: Dr Noluxolo Gcaza, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa

ICCWS21-MT-Future-of-Cyber-Warfare-Gcaza-.pdf (35 downloads)

Many nations embrace cyber warfare as the new dimension of conflict. As such, cyber warfare, defined as actions by a nation-state to penetrate another nation's computers or networks to cause damage or disruption, is becoming a new norm. At the core of cyber warfare is a nations’ use of digital technologies as weaponry to carry out sophisticated cyber attacks for the sole purpose of causing destruction in another nation. These digital technologies are forever advancing, therefore, one can assume that the landscape of cyber warfare will undergo its fair share of changes. Which brings us to the question: What does the future hold for cyber warfare? Researchers are encouraged to share their insights of on the capabilities that will define cyber ware in the years to come. This can be done by considering the techniques, tactics and tools that may be employed as industrialization takes its cause. This future focused research is critical for nations to prepare for prospective combats.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • Future prospects of cyber warfare
  • Cyber warfare capability
  • Readiness of a nation
  • Warfare doctrine
  • Techniques, tactics and tools
  • Practical, legal and ethical

    Cyber Warfare Strategies

    Mini Track Chair: Prof. Dr. Jim Chen, U.S. National Defense University, USA

    ICCWS21-MT-Cyber-Warfare-Strategies-Chen.pdf (35 downloads)

    To gain cyber superiority, efficient and effective strategies are in great demand. The strategies should take into consideration the unique characteristics of cyberspace, emerging and disruptive technologies, the intellectual edge of the forces, public and private collaboration, and international cooperation. The persistent engagement strategy, which consists of the defense forward strategy, is a good example of this type of strategies. This mini-track provides a platform for academic scholars, military personnel, practitioners, and those who are interested in strategy design and development to share views in answering the following questions: How can cyber superiority be gained and maintained? How can strategies be designed and developed to help gain cyber superiority? How can organizational constructs be changed to support this effort? How can persistent cyber forces be nurtured? How can superior capability and capacity be created and utilized? How can strong, reliable, and resilient partnership be established? How can cutting-edge technologies be developed? How can defense forward be conducted below the threshold of armed conflict in cyberspace? The discussion of the answers to these questions or other relevant questions may shed light on a better understanding and successful design and development of effective and efficient strategies.

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

    • Maintaining cyberspace superiority
    • Nurturing persistent cyber forces
    • Building superior capability and capacity
    • Establishing strong, reliable, and resilient partnerships
    • Developing cutting-edge technologies
    • Conducting defense forward below the threshold of armed conflict.

    Analytic and Behavioural Approaches for Cybersecurity Decisions

    Dr. Unal Tatar
    Dr. Benjamin Yankson

    Mini Track Chair: Dr. Benjamin Yankson, Dr. Unal Tatar, University at Albany - SUNY  

    ICCWS-2021-Mini-Track-on-Analytic-and-Behavioural-Approached-for-Cybersecurity-Decisions.pdf (27 downloads)  

    The security of cyberspace is one of the most significant challenges of the modern internet era due to the complexity of technical and non-technical challenges. As the cyber environment is getting more integrated with the real world, the direct impact of cybersecurity incidents on the business is also heightened. Cyber risk has recently become one of the top global risks in terms of its economic implications for businesses. To mitigate cybersecurity risks, making well-informed, efficient, and effective decisions is crucial.

    This session will focus on state-of-the-art research results and open research issues related to the decision making, risk, and resiliency analysis in both defensive and offensive cybersecurity operations at various levels of decision-making (i.e., tactical, operational, and strategic).

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

    • Models of cybersecurity decision processes
    • Metrics of cybersecurity maturity measurement
    • Measurement of effectiveness and impact of cybersecurity decisions
    • Cyber-risk and resiliency quantification methods and cyber-insurance
    • Incentives for information sharing and cooperation
    • Legal aspects of cybersecurity decision making
    • Role and impact of artificial intelligence (AI) in cybersecurity
    • Behavioral models of security and privacy
    • Cyber threat modelling and analysis.

    The double-edged sword of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Warfare

    Mini Track Chair: Pardis Moslemzadeh Tehrani, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  

    ICCWS21-MT-AI-Tehrani.pdf (21 downloads)  

    Information warfare is a key point in winning any world conflict and has led states to seek the benefits of emerging technologies. In the context of warfare, artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming the center of a global power play. It is leading societies towards a new algorithm of warfare that knows no boundaries or borders and is well on its way to revolutionize warfare. The trend is leading to nations continuing to develop the AI automated weapons system.  

    As seen in the past year, cyber-attacks powered by artificial intelligence has become a real threat with the first AI-powered cyber-attack was detected in India last year. And expectations are that these attacks will continue to grow in threat level and regularity and preventing them will become more problematic. The use of AI and machine learning in cyber operations opens a range of dangerous scenarios from the use of AI-powered autonomous weapons in cyber warfare to AI-machine learning methods for conducting offensive cyber warfare. AI in cyber warfare is a double-edged sword as it can be used both offensively and defensively. Machine learning and automation have become necessary tools of states to defend themselves as well as to launch attacks on other states.  

    AI powered autonomous weapons pose a great threat and can be worse than traditional computer viruses as they employ military means of identifying and engaging targets without human intervention. Developments in AI autonomous weapon systems (AWS) pose complex security challenges. Such emerging technology will shape and transform the conduct and consequences of cyber warfare and impact national security and defense systems as well as lead to the proliferation of violence and humanitarian responses.  

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:  

    • Artificial intelligence as a dual technology in cyber warfare
    • AI algorithm in cyber attack
    • The ethical and cyber security issues of AI in cyber warfare
    • Armed drone and Autonomous weapon in warfare
    • New Warfare Technologies
    • The legality of new weapons in cyber warfare under IHL